Morphology with manual smear

Material: Blood
Study price: PLN 23.00
Waiting time for the result: result no later than the next working day

  • We perform the test without prior reservation. Check the working hours of the collection center

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Preparation for the study


  • The test material is blood.
  • The patient does not need to be fasting.About 30 minutes before the test, it is advisable to drink a glass of water or bitter(unsweetened) tea.


Peripheral blood morphology involves the qualitative and quantitative assessment of the
and quantitative evaluation of the morphotic elements of blood and includes:
- determining the number of morphotic elements, i.e.: red blood cells (erythrocytes), white blood cells (leukocytes) and platelets (thrombocytes).
- calculation of the values of color indices.
The red blood cell system includes:
- RBC - the number of red blood cells (erythrocytes). Erythrocytes, thanks to the hemoglobin they contain, are oxygen carriers. Increased amounts of RBCs are referred to as hyperemia (redness, erythrocytosis, polyglobulia), and decreased amounts are referred to as anemia, or anemia.
- HGB - hemoglobin concentration
- HCT - hematocrit, or the ratio of red blood cell volume to plasma. It is an important parameter on which the viscosity of the blood depends.
- MCV - mean volume of the red blood cell. Depending on the MPV value, we divide red blood cells into microcytic (MCV below normal), normocytic (MCV in the normal range) and macrocytic (MCV above normal). The size of the blood cell gives us information about the cause of anemia.
- MCH - the average weight of hemoglobin in a blood cell
- MCHC - average concentration of hemoglobin in a blood cell
- RWD - a measure of erythrocyte size variation
The white blood cell system includes:
- WBC- total number of white blood cells (leukocytes). The function of leukocytes is to protect the body from microorganisms. An increase in the value of WBC, or leukocytosis, can be caused by physiological factors, for example: in newborns, during pregnancy and the postpartum period, after physical exertion, as a result of stress, pain, overheating of the body or excessive cooling. A decrease in WBC values is leukopenia, the cause of which can be: viral infections (influenza, measles, rubella, chicken pox), severe bacterial infections (tuberculosis, typhoid fever), systemic connective tissue diseases (so-called collagenoses), vitamin B12 deficiency, folic acid deficiency, damage to the bone marrow by drugs.
Under normal conditions, we distinguish 5 types of white blood cells, given as the so-called expanded blood formula, i.e. the number of each type of blood cell per unit volume, viz:
- neutrophilic granulocytes (neutrophils),
- acidophilic granulocytes (eosinophils),
- basophilic granulocytes (basophils),
- lymphocytes,
- monocytes.
Blood smear can be given in % - this is the so-called "manual " blood smear (Schilling smear).
The platelet-forming system includes:
- PLT - number of platelets,
- PCT - platelet count,
- MPV - mean platelet volume,
-PDV - platelet anisocytosis index, i.e. what % of platelets deviate in volume from the average,
- PLCR - percentage of large platelets.

Development and preparation of material (applies to contractors only)

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