Their activity depends on the ambient temperature and they are just waiting for the ,,first'' warmth. Usually, they give their best at the end of March/April. This year, however, due to the warm winter, they started their activity as early as February.
What we know about them
Ticks usually inhabit green areas - forests, meadows, squares, parks. They can also be found in home gardens. They feed on blood, so they are equipped with a mouth organ adapted for sucking blood, equipped with numerous teeth positioned opposite to the direction of the puncture, which allows the tick to anchor itself in the skin of a person. While sucking blood, the tick injects saliva into the person's tissues, with which pathogenic microorganisms enter.
Why they are dangerous
Since ticks transmit both viruses, bacteria and protozoa, they act as vectors for numerous diseases known as tick-borne diseases. The main tick-borne diseases in Poland include Lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis.
Lyme disease is a multisystem disease caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. It can sometimes go unnoticed or underestimated in its early stages, such as erythema at the site of a bite, and develops further by attacking more organs.
There is no vaccine against Lyme disease, so all that remains is prevention, i.e. using effective methods to prevent tick bites.
Perform laboratory tests for Lyme disease:
- If you may have ever been bitten by a tick
- You are exposed to ticks due to the nature of your work
- You were stung by a tick and suspect infection
- You have symptoms of Lyme disease, but don't remember being bitten by a tick
Remember that early diagnosis is very important!
It determines faster treatment and inhibition of the disease!
Tick-borne encephalitis is a systemic infection caused by the TBE virus transmitted during a bite from an infected tick. The disease is dangerous in that the first symptoms are uncharacteristic, flu-like, often passing after a few days. In a certain percentage of patients, usually a week after the fever subsides, the second phase of the disease - central nervous system involvement - begins.
A vaccine protects against contracting tick-borne encephalitis. A full course of vaccination consists of 3 doses administered at intervals. According to the manufacturer's recommendations, after which immunity is obtained for 3-5 years. You will perform the vaccination at our facilities.
In the context of upcoming vacations and vacations, but also short weekend getaways out of town in the countryside, it is worth considering this option and protect yourself and your children from this dangerous disease. You will be vaccinated at our facilities.